Country report: chapter 2
2. Providing VET in a lifelong learning perspective
The actors involved in the governance of the Italian education and vocational training system are the following:
the Ministry of Education, University and Research that is responsible for setting the minimum public service performance levels (Livelli Essenziali delle prestazioni – LEP) for the education system;
the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies that is responsible for setting the minimum public service performance levels (Livelli Essenziali delle prestazioni – LEP) for the vocational training system;>
the Regions and Autonomous Provinces that are the administrations in charge of planning, organising and supplying VET;
the social partners that contribute to designing and organising active labour policies and particularly VET policies.
Compulsory education lasts 10 years (i.e. up to 16 years of age) and includes the whole first education cycle and the first two years of the second (either upper secondary schools or three/four-year vocational training courses). Everyone has the ‘right/duty’ (diritto/dovere) to pursue education and training for at least 12 years in the national school system, or until a three or four-year vocational qualification is obtained within the IVET system before reaching 18 years of age.
Diagram of the italian education and training system
|2.2. Government-regulated VET provision|
2.2.1. Three and four-year education and vocational training courses
The post-secondary higher technical training system was recently reformed by the Italian Prime Minister’s Decree (2008) which contained guidelines for both the reorganisation of the higher technical education and training system (Sistema di istruzione e formazione tecnica superiore – IFTS) and the establishment of higher technical institutes (Istituti tecnici superiori – ITS). As a result, there are now two separate channels within the same system.
From 2007 to today 519 courses were planned that meet the new standards. The vast majority of courses were held in the North, a lower number in the centre of Italy and only 56 in the South.
The Higher Technician Diploma (EQF level 5) awarded by ITS courses covers one of the technological areas specified for each national reference profile. These areas have been further specified by an Inter-ministerial Decree (2011)
In 2009 the Ministry of Education introduced a ‘Draft regulation for the reorganisation of teaching in adult education centres’ (Schema di Regolamento recante norme per la ridefinizione dell’assetto organizzativo didattico dei Centri d’istruzione per gli adulti). The document contains provisions for the establishment of training pathways leading to lower and
Apprenticeships are open-ended
In the first half of 2011 160 916 apprentices were employed; the most substantial drop was seen in the manufacturing, transport and communications sectors.
Teachers and trainers have very different features in Italy as teachers' professional
The accreditation of training institutions is to date the main tool for selecting the organisations that wish to provide training services, and consequently the main instrument available to the Regions and Autonomous Provinces, which are the only institutional bodies responsible for ensuring the quality of publicly funded training. The present, new accreditation model is due to a national agreement among the State and the Regions20 that took place in 2008. The national accreditation system comprises five criteria that provide
As regards more specifically the use of monitoring and evaluation procedures, these are widely and sometimes even systematically used by the surveyed training organisations schema
Overview of three and four-year vocational training course
Time sequence distribution of IFTS pathways per geographic area
General features of VET teachers and trainers
Legal status of the accredited training providers